With the speed of the internet and telecommunications reaching an all-time high, there's a need to reach out to new, developing technologies that will increase performance, lower costs and lead the industry into a new age of possibilities. That new technology is upon in the form of ultra-low latency microwave networks.
Microwave technology has been around for over 50 years and has found a home in telecommunications networking across the globe. New developments have optimized microwave products to drive latency performance to the point of surpassing older fiber optic transmitters, especially over longer distances. There are new market opportunities for tapping into these innovations for service providers looking to expand their communications networks.
It's one thing to have access to low latency technology and it's another to know how to best use it to your advantage. The applications of low latency microwave technologies require the experience and expertise to design, deploy, operate and support such an advanced network. The beauty of Low Latency Microwave Networks is their speed. The transmission can arrive milliseconds earlier than the fastest fiber networking.
Microwaves move at a faster propagation, moving 50% faster than light when traveling through optical fiber. This technology is the basis behind satellite detection and data signal transmissions and receptors. Latency in data communications, or the time difference between sending a command and receiving the reply, will consequently take longer over a fiber circuit than a microwave circuit. Microwave signals also propagate through air at the same speed as light does in a vacuum, which makes it an ideal form of communication since there's little chance of interference or refraction due to fiber optic cabling.
Microwave signals also have the benefit of following a straighter path than light. Microwave signals circumvent the topographical obstacles of land formations such as mountains, rivers and man-made constructions. Fiber optic cables are often forced to follow the paths of industry, limiting their versatility and diversity. More lines of cabling is more miles to travel.
Many factors go into determining usable end-to-end latency of a microwave link, however;
- The directness of route.
- Number of hops in the end-to-end transmission.
- The level of availability (high availability or not) in the environment.
- Operational efficiency
Network design is critical in ultra-low latency, since the enemy is distance. The longer the path, the longer it will take for microwave communications to reach the end. It's important to optimize the path plans for ultra-low microwave latency microwave backhaul. Land surveys will tell if a microwave site already exists or if the topography can support a position, or a hop. The best way is to minimize the number of hops as much as possible to build a stronger, faster transmission network.
Once an ultra-low latency network is designed and deployed, the network needs to be up and running at peak performance. Total latency in any network requires additional latency due to data queuing delay, process delays, network design, the equipment's configuration and, of course, distance.
Despite it all, microwave networks offer the better solution to low-latency communications. It surpasses as a transmission medium and it works in straight line paths. That's a winning technology.